ISO14000 series of standards Background and Introduction

ISO14000 series of standards on environmental protection management standards developed by ISO International Organization for Standardization , the degree of attention it generates history and global environmental issues as well as the deterioration of the world environment organization inseparable.
20th century there have been a total of ten human pollution hazards incident to make a large number of residents of unnatural deaths , resulting in global environmental issues become increasingly prominent. In 1987, Norway made in environmental protection , " Our Common Future " report, the first use of "sustainable development" point of view. In 1992 the United Nations convened in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, "Environment and Development " Conference adopted Agenda 21 , proposed a " human harmony with nature , enjoy the right to a healthy and full of the fruits of production ," the concept of environmental protection . Various fields worldwide , especially the business community who gradually realize sustainable development and environmental protection is the duty and responsibility of their due . Therefore , the establishment of "pollution prevention" new ideas , to enable enterprises to gradually self-determination , self-control, self-management approach has become a new trend. Period, many new management tools are used, such as " life-cycle " approach , research products from the "cradle to grave" environmental issues and environmental impact . Meanwhile, some developed countries gradually to international environmental protection as a precondition , a new trade protection conditions for world trade and gradually formed a non-technical unequal green barriers , causing some do not meet certain environmental conditions of enterprises not enter international trade markets.
Thus , the development of a ( series ) has a globally recognized management standards on environmental protection has become a very urgent development needs . The ISO: non-governmental in nature (International Standard Organization ISO abbreviation ) this very high degree of international recognition , specifically the development of international standards on civil society organizations to play this important task has become the most suitable .
June 1993 ISO International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee established ISO/TC207 environmental management . And draws on the experience of the following criteria on the basis of the development of the ISO14000 series of standards . Environmental Management Technical Committee TC207 successfully draws : British BS7750-"BS7750 environmental management system standard" ; EU EMAS-" eco- management and audit rules ," and ISO9000-" Quality management and quality assurance ," prepared on the basis of standard ISO14000 environmental management standards . And in September 1996 issued the first batch of ISO14000 series of standards 5 . ISO Central Secretariat of Environmental Management Technical Committee TC207 reserved Standard No. 100 , the standard label for the ISO14001 ~ ISO14100, ISO14000 series of standards collectively known as . There TC207 next six sub-technical committee responsible for the formulation of appropriate standards , the distribution of its standard number in the following table :

Sub-technical committee or working group Task Standard No.
SC1 Environmental Management System (EMS) 14001-14009
SC2 Environmental Audit (EA) 14010-14019
SC3 Environmental labeling (EL) 14020-14029
SC4 Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE) 14030-14039
SC5 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) 14040-14049
SC6 Terms and definitions (TQD) 14050-14059
( Working Group ) WG1 Environmental factors in product standards 14060
Spare 14061-14100

Country in May 1995 formally established the China 's "National Environmental Management Standardization Technical Committee " CSBTS/TC207. In the ISO standardization organizations announced the first batch of environmental management standards in September 1996 , shortly after our country will be equivalent to the five international standards conversion , and in April 1, 1997 promulgated by the State Bureau of Technical Supervision as a national standard , another number to GB/T24000 series. ISO14000 series of standards are these five : ISO14001, ISO14004, ISO14010, ISO14011, ISO14012.
Among them, the leading standard ISO14001 Environmental Management Systems - Specification with guidance for use , it is the only real basis for the audit standards and certification for businesses , so we usually talk about the ISO14000 environmental management system standard refers to this standard . ISO14001 standards promulgated since September 1996 has been revised for the first time in 2004 , ISO14000 certification standards that are currently in use : GB/T24001: 2004 idt ISO14001: 2004 version.


Describe the scope of the ISO14001 standard

a) ISO14001 standard is applicable to any type of tissue products . Product categories include hardware, software , processes, materials and services , and any type of tissue products may establish an environmental management system according to ISO14001 standards.

b) ISO14001 standard for any size organization. Organizations can be divided according to the size of large organizations and small and medium sized organizations , on the same type of products, environmental factors generally more complicated than large organizations , small and medium sized organizations environmental factors is relatively simple , but can be any size organization establishment of environmental management system according to ISO14001 standards.

c) ISO14001 environmental performance standards applicable to any organization . This standard does not propose specific environmental performance requirements , only requires a commitment in principle in compliance with applicable legal requirements and other requirements to be observed , as well as pollution prevention and continuous improvement. As for the content , such as specific environmental emission standards, the level of pollution control technology does not provide . Organizations according to their level of existing pollution control , environmental performance and other conditions existing commitment to comply with the laws , regulations and other requirements , and to evaluate its compliance and take corrective measures do not meet the continuous improvement of the environmental performance of the organization. Thus , with different levels of pollution control , organizational performance in different environments , can meet the requirements of this standard .

d) ISO14001 standard is applicable to any organization geographical, cultural and social conditions . The original purpose of the standards is to prevent trade barriers to developing countries, regardless of the organization or organizations in developed countries ; whether the organization has advanced culture, organizational or management is relatively backward ; whether the organization is in the Eastern Hemisphere , or organization in the Western Hemisphere ; Just having the desire , can implement this standard :

- Establish, implement , maintain and improve an environmental management system ;

- Assure itself of compliance with environmental policy ;

- Through self-evaluation and self-declaration , seeking organizations interested parties ( such as customers ) to confirm their conformity , seeking confirmation of its self- declared external , external organizations seeking certification ( or registration ) for its environmental management system , etc. confirm compliance with this standard .